Diabetes: A brief introduction

 

introduction on diabetes

An introduction to what diabetes is, the different types, and diabetes management. Jul 07,  · Chapter 1Introduction to Diabetes. Created: July 7, Diabetes mellitus is characterized by abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. When the amount of glucose in the blood increases, e.g., after a meal, it triggers the release of the hormone insulin from the tiptgopsa.gq by: Introduction to Diabetes. Our bodies function best at a certain level of sugar in the bloodstream. If the amount of sugar in our blood runs too high or too low, then we typically feel bad. Diabetes is the name of the condition where the blood sugar level consistently runs too high. Diabetes is the most common endocrine disorder.


Introduction to diabetes mellitus - Diapedia, The Living Textbook of Diabetes


Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose and either insufficient or ineffective insulin. Diabetes is a chronic disease without a cure, however, with proper management and treatment, diabetics can live a normal, healthy lives. Insulin is a hormone secreted by specialized cells in the pancreas in response to among other thingsincreased blood glucose concentration.

The primary role of insulin is to control the transport of glucose from the bloodstream into the cells. After consuming a meal, insulin enhances the uptake of the energy nutrients amino acids, glucose, and fatty acids. Insulin helps maintain blood glucose within normal limits and stimulates protein synthesis, glucose synthesis in the liver and muscle, and fat synthesis.

Without insulin, or when introduction on diabetes is ineffective, glucose regulation falters and the metabolism of energy-yielding nutrients changes. In diabetes, there is too much glucose in the blood. When glucose builds in the blood instead of going into the cells, it can cause two problems:. Insulin-dependant is caused by damage to the pancreas. The pancreas contains beta cells, which make insulin. With Type I diabetes, the deficiency of insulin is due introduction on diabetes a decline in the number of beta cells the pancreas contains.

It appears that certain genes make Type I diabetics more susceptible, but a triggering factor usually a viral infection sets it off. In most people with Type I diabetes, the immune system makes a mistake, attacking the beta cells and causing them to die, introduction on diabetes. Without the beta cells, you cannot produce insulin. Glucose then builds up in the blood and causes diabetes.

For Type I diabetics, treatment usually consists of a healthy diet, introduction on diabetes, and insulin shots to replace the insulin that your body no longer produces. This is necessary to keep their blood glucose within certain limits. If blood glucose is not monitored, and if insulin levels are not kept in check, three things may happen:. In this case, there is too little insulin in the blood. Your body then begins breaking down fat for energy, producing chemicals called ketones.

Ketones can make you throw up, have difficulty breathing, introduction on diabetes, cause excessive thirst, cause dry, itchy skin, or even cause coma. It can be cause by taking too much insulin, eating too little, skipping meals, eating at the wrong time, exercising too intensely or for too long, or by drinking alcohol on an empty stomach.

If your blood glucose is too low you may feel hungry, confused, tired, shaky or nervous. Diabetes can damage kidneys, eyes and nerves, introduction on diabetes makes heart and blood vessel disease more likely.

Diabetics can defend themselves from complications by keeping their glucose levels under control. Type II Diabetes a. Type II diabetes produces mild symptoms, and can be controlled with a healthy diet, exercise and weight loss.

Type II diabetics should also monitor their glucose levels to be sure they are maintaining healthy levels. In some cases, weight loss, diet and exercise are not enough to control the glucose levels. In those cases, your physician may control your diabetes by prescribing introduction on diabetes pills or insulin shots. Contact the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes: An Introduction.

Heart Basics Video. Eating for Fat Loss. Understanding Antioxidants. Asthma: A Brief Introduction. BMI Calculator, introduction on diabetes.

Understanding Cholesterol. Cooking Tips. Healthier Eating. Healthier Fast Foods. Glycemic Index. Amazing Grains. Heart Rate Calculator, introduction on diabetes. High Blood Pressure. All About Food Labels.

Why Exercise? Recommendations for Health. Super Foods. Success Stories.

 

Introduction to Diabetes - The Genetic Landscape of Diabetes - NCBI Bookshelf

 

introduction on diabetes

 

An introduction to what diabetes is, the different types, and diabetes management. Introduction to diabetes mellitus History of diabetes. Diabetes was considered a disease of the wealthy in ancient India, Clinical presentation. The 'Piskijker' by Jan Steen, showing the role of urine in diagnosing Definition and classification. When thinking about a disease, it helps to. Jul 07,  · Chapter 1Introduction to Diabetes. Created: July 7, Diabetes mellitus is characterized by abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. When the amount of glucose in the blood increases, e.g., after a meal, it triggers the release of the hormone insulin from the tiptgopsa.gq by: